GSP-T is a powerful antioxidant complex combining water-soluble Swiss grape seed procyanidins and oil-soluble natural tocopherol. Procyanidins are potent antioxidants and free radical scavengers that are found in high concentrations in Swiss Pinot Noir grapes.
When combined with tocopherol (an antioxidant that is naturally present in the skin) the result is a synergistic effect and therefore an increased antioxidant activity.
Inhibits lipid peroxidation
Synergistic antioxidant effect of tocopherol and procyanidins
Inhibits the glycation process
Inhibits the activity of pro-inflammatory mediators
Immediate soothing effect
In vivo study
In vitro study
- Protects skin cells against oxidative stress
- Fights free radicals
- Prevents environmental damage
- Soothes stressed skin and reduces redness
- Prevents skin aging by fighting glycation reaction
Grapes (Vitis vinifera) and in particular the red species such as Pinot Noir are extremely rich in procyanidins, which are mostly located in the seeds. Originating from Burgundy in France, the Pinot Noir grape has been cultivated since the first century to make the Burgundy and Champagne wines. For GSP-T, Pinot Noir grapes from Swiss plantations were used. They contain comparably higher amounts of procyanidins because of the altitude, the cool and dry climate and the chalky soils.
INCI (EU/PCPC) Declaration
Vitis Vinifera (Grape) Seed Extract (and) PEG-40 Hydrogenated Castor Oil (and) Tocopherol (and) Glycerin (and) Alcohol (and) Aqua/Water
Recommended Use Level
0.5 – 2.5 %